Ghanaian road signs simplified

If you’re not Ghanaian, and want to drive in Ghana, you have to get your Ghanaian licence. A reliable supplier of Novocain (for the town traffic) and more traditional styles of nose candy (for the rural driving) is a good first tip.

Before attempting to get your licence, a good idea is that you (the new or non-resident driver)  put a little bit of effort into understanding the road signs before you show up at the licencing office. If you don’t want to suffer the hassle of being passed around the beaurocracy, and recognise this sign…






…you should be a licenced driver in no time.

Like any other juristiction, road signs have clear and concise meanings? Sure they do. But the real question is – does anyone actually care? Interpretation of traffic signs is a bit more avant guard – a sugggestion of what everyone else might do so that you can use the information to work out innovative and sometimes dangerous ways to complete your journey. Driving here can be quite exciting! The exception is in traffic jams, where everyone simply gives up.

So as a community service to protect the good citizens of Ghana (who appear to ignore most of the signs but have the home ground advantage when driving here) from you (the new driver in a foreign country determined to do the right thing – which is exactly what no-one expects) I’ve put together a montage of important road signs.  Have a look at the signs below. An interpretation of what they appear to mean (based on what I’ve seen, think or hope)  follows.

important street signs to know in Ghana

important street signs to know in Ghana

aiga_symbol_signs_clip_art_164451. Know your enemy. Taxis and tro-tros do a lot of dumb things. The ones that can drive too fast do it with reckless disregard for their passengers and everyone else. The ones that drive too slow do dumb things with disarming nonchalance. Probably 80% of the wrecked cars on the side of the road are taxis or tro-tros (or clapped out trucks). Most of the traffic jams are because tro tros double-, triple- and quadruple-park across the roads.


bushmeat2. Bush meat vendors ahead. OK, this sign might have been a bit doctored. There is a thriving business in bush meat, and all the excitement can affect road conditions. There are 2 business models. The first is to stand on the side of the road and wave the product at passing cars hoping they stop. The second involve deboning the animal and spread-eagling and smoking it on a stick frame (which looks like an old wooden tennis racket) and then waving it at passing cars, hoping they stop.


caution_elephants3. Caution. Elephants! There are no elephants in this part of Ghana. But if there was, this is the sign for the job. There is no sign of roadworks, so it clearly has nothing to do with that.


bend-down4. Bend-down boutique zone. Wherever traffic slows down – toll booths, customs checkpoints, speed bumps, traffic lights, poor sections of road (so pretty much everywhere) there is a literal moving feast of vendors. They ply their trade from either the side of the road or the middle of it, only abandoning the traffic when vehicle speeds pick up. So not often. If the customers vehicle  happens to be moving – they will chase, bargain and deliver the offered service with a basket balanced expertly on their head. I’ve only ever seen one person drop anything. I have a suspicion that even if one of these vendors was hit by traffic, they’d manage to keep their shop on their head. This sign might help ensure I never see if my suspicion is correct.


drop rubbish wherever5. Throw crap anywhere. An unfortunate truth. There is no apparent social stigma about littering. Plastic detritus on the side of the road from passing vehicles is common. Try it some time while you’re here, its a bit of a guilty pleasure.


pee6. Pee. As far as I can tell, as long as you’re within a meter of the side of the road, you’re permitted to urinate anywhere you like. Rural or urban. Male or female. Facing into the oncoming traffic or away from it. Who cares – there’s a sign that says its OK.


retarded passing expected7. Expect crazy passing. When 15 cars are stuck behind a truck crawling along at 25kph, frustration mounts. The way to combat this is to regard the situation as a rolling start. As the truck (lets call it the pace car) arrives at a straight section of road, everyone pulls out to pass with the intent of wedging out the vehicles in front. Its also alarmingly common to see a ‘strength in numbers’ approach when the pack of passing cars attempts to force solitary vehicles heading the other way off the road so the opportunity to pass the slow ‘pace car’ isn’t squandered for safety.


8. Ddualual carriageway lane ends unexpectedly.  This sign would be handy because dual carriageway is not always complete (but looks complete) and the traffic from one lane jumps to one of the lanes on the other side of the road at a convenient spot – becoming duel carriageway. There are no flashing lights or ‘changed traffic conditions ahead’ signs (although there has been some recent advances on this!), so an ant-like, follow the guy in front methodology keeps things working (and it does work OK). I have endured two adventures at these junctions. First time I missed the jump point, and if it wasn’t for the madly waving and screaming pedestrians and the kids running off the road, I might have obliviously continued along the closed section. The second time, there was no-one to follow, but I changed lanes anyway with a nagging ill-ease that I’d got it wrong and was now attempting suicide. To confirm the road was shared, I found myself speeding up to see if I find someone else doing the same thing. But hey! It all turned out OK so why change it?


governement office ahead9. Government infrastructure initiative.

This sign would work all over the world, but for Ghana it is highly applicable to the roads. Sections of road that were good and now are completely destroyed by heavy traffic and an apparent lack of care. Sections of the road are inexplicably unfinished – bridges have launguished incomplete for a decade.


taxi stopping10. Taxi stopping HERE! In fact, this should be on the back of all taxis. If a taxi is about to stop somewhere – the driver  simply hangs his arm out the window and points at the ground about a second before he hits the brakes. There is a good reason why most of the mangled cars discarded on the side of the road are taxis (or crapped out trucks with their engine, gear box or load spraed all over the road). The carelessness of taxi drivers is remarkable when compared to the rest of the driving community.


public toilet ahead11. Open drains. There is a lot of rain in Ghana. There is a lot of garbage in Ghana. One blocks the other, and some pretty interesting cocktails brew in the trapped water. The drains are huge, usually open, and run along the immediate edge of the ashphalt (or where it was).  I’m confident that with minimal training, blind people could drive just using their sense of smell….. this might explain some of the taxi drivers!?


if you use the water youll go to hospital12. If you use this water, expect to go to hospital. A bit of public health signage. This sign would go well with the previous one. Sure its an interpretation and I’m sure I’ve never seen it as a road sign. But the message is beware!


Spot 13. Spot ahead. A spot is  a café. They are everywhere and have some pretty weird (and often religious) names. I passed the ‘Obola Spot’ two days ago – strangely chosing not to stop.  Why the sign?  ‘X’ marks the spot! How droll.


no14. No. Just don’t, OK. Whatever it is. No… unless you’re in a rush or think you’ll get away with it, which is probably OK.


trucks15. Percentage of trucks broken down on this  section of road. I dream of 6%. Ghana dreams of 6%.



The next few are focused on helping new drivers understand law enforcement on the roads. What I might call police soliciting a bribe (cultural heathen that I am), is in West Africa called a Dash. The police must do courses on dash-taking when they’re training. The cruel irony is that they don’t stop  unsafe drivers, unsafe cars, speeding vehicles, overloaded vehicles, or grossly poluting vehicles. They stop vehicles that look like they contain wads of small denomination notes – mainly tro-tros from what I see.

roadblock16. Police road block ahead.  Whether its christmas, easter, ramadan, the officers birthday, your birthday or a complete strangers birhtday, there is always a good reason to sponsor traffic police. You’re really stuck if you’ve actually done something wrong. After crossing a solid white line I had one guy, giddy with excitement,  tell me “Go and get your wallet and think about what you’ve done”. And all the while cars go past at 150kph, or with bits falling off them or belching thick black smoke or doing really stupid things that need to be stopped.


fine17. Reccommended fine. It can’t possibly be related to a speed limit as no-one pays any attention (unless its mph) and the police definitely don’t enforce it as a speed limit. Perhaps its a time trial – how many seconds you’ve got to reach the next similar sign.


hand over wallet to officials18. Have wallet ready. This would save a lot of time at road blocks, streamline the process a bit, reduce  conjestion. Achieve a few KPIs for the boys in blue. There are a lot minor infringements that can be solved with your wallet.


Police will look through your stuff.19. Police now accept internet banking. The world is a changing place. Or perhaps it means police are happy to go through your stuff if you don’t have any cash?


envelopes acceptes.pg20. Envelopes appreciated. Spot fines are a grubby business. Probably one of the worst kept dirty little secrets in the country. A crisp envelope goes a long way to adding some respectability to the process.


cheque21. Yes, this was spell checked.



Ghana can be a frustrating place to drive. There can be severe psychological damage done to visitors who think its unreasonable that a 160km drive takes 3.5 hours. The following signs are to assist drivers who are strating to unravel, or have run out of cigarettes, to get through their travels unscathed.


uphill struggle22. Uphill struggle. Any trip, long or short, can become a chore. If you’re a starry-eyed ‘glass half full’ type, call it a journey or adventure or a road-trip. Whatever helps. Fact is driving anywhere can be soul destoying – it’s  why people have drivers (and because 90% of the streets here don’t have names or street signs).


everything will take longer than expected23. Trip will take longer than expected. The strange part is the only people who seem to get really wound up about massive travel times are the foreigners (easy to pick because they’re boggle-eyed, screaming and spraying spit and curses all over the inside of the windscreen or at the driver who is 2 hours late) . Everyone else seems to take it in their stride which is kind of admirable and frustrating at the same time.


u_turn_clip_art_1687026. Just go back.  Hopeless optimism is not going to  get you through this. Give up.


not_bad25.  Think of your family! The traffic is not that bad.


its not the end of the tunnel26. The end of the tunnel is not approaching. Its not a glimmer of hope. Instead, a much better brand of frustration is rushing towards you. I have seen this sign in real life, where the Accra-Kumasi train line crosses the road. I don’t think a train has run on the track in 20 years, but the sign is ready for the second coming of the steam age.


walking would be faster27. Walking is faster. Accra and Kumasi take note. It’s no wonder that most of the opportunistic trade in Ghana is conducted through a car window. The sheer throughput of potential customers at crawling pace is a marketers dream.


build a bridge28. Build a bridge (and get over it). A bit of roadside councilling for those getting a bit needy about the traffic. Ironically, the worst section of road is where no-one has built (or at least finished building) a bridge and the traffic detours around the imposing, incomplete four lane folly through mud (or dust), people, traffic jams and potholes.


aiga_symbol_signs_clip_art_1647729. Really challenging traffic or conditions. From tropical downpours through demolished roads! Nappy recommended. Tears are a distinct possibility.


28 nearly_home30. Approaching home. Don’t fail me now old friend!


Now, there is always the chance my interpretations are incorrect. The Ghana Highway Authority has the last word with a section on street signs. The real road signs and markings  are found here. For the civil engineers building roads in Ghana there is even a section on how to build speed humps that leave the suspension and sump in the vehicle.

I’m sure there are alternate interpretations to what these signs mean, but I think I’m pretty close to correct…

NB. The only serious advice in this whole post: To drive on a foreign licence in Ghana your country licence needs to be supported by an international drivers licence (IDL) as per the 1946 international agreement. You cannot drive for 3-6 months before converting your licence (a common practice elsewhere). The offence will potentially attract court time and a fine, and can potentially void insurance. This advice is courtesy of bitter experience suffered by a friend.

12 responses to “Ghanaian road signs simplified

  1. Hmmm … I think it’s only the ATM sign that you really need to understand in Ghana. The old “arrest and bail” game, which the poorer and therefore more vulnerable inevitably lose, would have to be one of the ugliest aspects of the place.

    Enjoy Newie. Regardless of the weather it’s worth a walk along the beach – the impossible beauty, the cleanliness!

    And best of luck with your return.



    • Hi Cat. It’s actually my husband writing as I enjoy the delights is Aus. Wasn’t back in Newcastle 2hours before I was at the end of the break wall at Nobbys. So beautiful!! Take care.



  2. You do know, don’t you, that the Ghana highway signs page is down for maintenance? I think your interpretations sound spot on, anyway.


    • Pleased you liked it. Truth be told, it’s actually my husband Bill writing. I’m enjoying the sedate traffic if Australia at the moment. It’s actually a little dull after driving in Ghana!!

      Sent from my iPhone >

      Liked by 1 person

  3. I love this post! My family is from Ghana and I just came back from a long visit and, man, drivers are crazy! I’m a designer, so I paid a lot of attention to the road of signs – many of which were non-existent or just simply ignored. I did a quick google search to find out more about them and here I am. Thanks for the laughs and a lesson in some of the signs I didn’t get to see!


  4. Quite annoying as a Ghanaian to see such exaggeration and mockery of road signs in Ghana/ Yes road signs are not as dotted around as you will expect them but it doesn’t mean those around are wrongly placed and have different interpretations. i do not find it funny at all.
    this sought of misinformation account for the reckless driving of some expatriates in Ghana under the excuse of they were behaving or blending in just as the locals.


    • Total nonsense from a confirmed racist. These ignorant and stupid white skinned chimps will always distort anything from Africa to paint that negative picture. Is that what DVLA told you those road signs mean? Stupid scumbags


  5. This is total nonsense and unacceptable behaviour. You should be ashamed of yourself for mocking a whole country and its people!


  6. Total nonsense from a confirmed racist. These ignorant and stupid white skinned chimps will always distort anything from Africa to paint that negative picture. Is that what DVLA told you those road signs mean? Stupid scumbags


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